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EMERGENT LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH - Online First, June 2021

Pages: 1-13

Date of Publication: 14-Jul-2022


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Effect of modern food and lifestyle on human biological clocks and health: A review

Author: Krishna Kumar Patel

Category: Review Article

Abstract:

Today’s hectic schedule, work pressure, and lack of awareness of nutritious and healthy food are creating not only physical and mental unhealthiness but also psychological issues. Our biological clock goes to be misalignment because of wrong food habits, wrong meals, and wrong sleep timing. As the modern world is taking us out of sync with our natural rhythms, we are slipping into the lap and trap of severe health diseases such as obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, cancer, etc. Modern foods are commonly known as Junk food which means zero-calorie food. In zero-calorie foods, important micro-nutrients that are required for bodily functions are absent, but this type of food is high in calories. This means, that the lack of micronutrients, amino acids or minerals, fiber, vitamins, etc. in the modern food items chosen by the consumer due to hectic lifestyle not only affects the normal functioning of the body but also invites serious diseases at times. Furthermore, our biological clocks which are made up of a series of clocks and a master clock, also affect the function of our body when misaligned due to an unhealthy lifestyle. The main function of biological clocks in our circadian system is to maintain or perform body function properly and to make us in a natural rhythm to feel healthy throughout the day. But eating late at night causes our biological clock to get misaligned and exacerbates the issue when our body is unable to process food effectively and efficiently. Misalignment results in heart disease, cancer, and other several diseases. The present study, thus, aims to strengthen the knowledge of the impact of modern food and biological clock misalignment and how to live with sync in our body clock.

Keywords: body clock, diseases, human health, modern food, nutrition

DOI URL: https://doi.org/10.31783/elsr.2022.820113