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EMERGENT LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH - Vol 2 Issue 2, Published on 31, December 2016

Pages: 13-20
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Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching on Utilization of Placental Stem Cells

Author: Ammu Joseph, Abirami P.

Category: Research Article


The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and associate the level of information on the utilization of placental stem cells before and after video assisted teaching and to associate it with the demographic variables. For this experiment, Quasi experimental - one group pretest and posttest only design was used. The tool used for the data collection consisted of two sections: Section A: demographic variables and Section B: structured questionnaire on utilization of placental stem cells. The experts in the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing and Biostatistics did the content validity of the tool. Pilot study was done with 5 staff nurses to assess the feasibility before undertaking the main study. The main study was conducted at Nirmala Medical Centre, Muvattupuzha, Kerala for a period of 1 month. Fifty staff nurses were randomly selected as samples for the experiment. The demographic data was collected using structured questionnaire. Pretest knowledge level of the staff nurses regarding utilization of placental stem cells was assessed using structured questionnaire. A video assisted teaching was given to the staff nurses regarding utilization of placental stem cells. The posttest was conducted on the following week using the same tool which was used for the pre-test. The data obtained using these tools were analyzed in the form of descriptive and inferential statistics. The outcomes of the study showed that the pretest mean score is 40.99 and posttest mean score is 84.93. It is higher than the pretest mean score. The calculated "t" value was 25.36 at 0.05 level of significance which is higher than the table value of 1.96. The findings revealed that the video assisted teaching program had significant effect in the improvement of staff nurses level of knowledge regarding utilization of placental stem cells The demographic variables were not associated with the posttest level of knowledge of staff nurses regarding the utilization of placental stem cells.

Keywords: fetus, placenta, placental stem cells, video assisted teaching, umbilical cord