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EMERGENT LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH - Vol 6, Issue 2, Published on 31, December 2020

Pages: 13-19
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Economically important plants of tropical areas

Author: Geetika Singh, Richa Puri

Category: Review Article


The Stone age passed into the bronze age and the latter into the iron age as man’s agricultural needs demanded better tools. Modern man’s life depends fundamentally on agriculture. The basic necessities of life- food, shelter and clothing are derived from the vegetable kingdom [1]. Plants are a source of fibers, fabrics, coloring matter, perfumes, beauty and other miscellaneous products. Fiber yielding plants are second only to food plants in their usefulness. Primitive tree dwellers and cavemen lived by hunting, foraging over fruits, seeds and roots that nature provides. Cereals are among the first plants to be domesticated [2]. The prominence of cereals as food plants is due to great adaptability, permitting their colonization on ecological habitat, ease of cultivation, tillering habit, compact and dry grains, and high nutritive value containing carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. The legume seeds are source of food and provided proteins. The cultivation of plants was a great evolutionary accomplishment that relieved human from food gathering and hunting duties and enables them to devote time to invent, discover and develop other facets of life [3].

Keywords: bioesthetic, ecosystem, recreation, timber, utility