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EMERGENT LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH - Vol 8, Issue 1, Published on 30, June 2022

Pages: 43-49
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Popularization of Bivoltine sericulture among tribal folk of Jammu and Kashmir with special reference to Poonch District

Author: Suraksha Chanotra, Simran Bali, Roopma Gandotra

Category: Research Article


Sericulture is the living culture among the rural and tribal folks of Jammu and Kashmir having world-class quality characteristics. Due to various reasons, silk farming has received an unfortunate decline during the last few years. The current survey study was formularized to evaluate the constraints responsible for the expected yield gap and for formulating future strategies to popularize the concept of silkworm rearing among the tribal folks for strengthening their livelihood. The results depicted the total production to be highest for the year 2019 with234 kg of cocoon yield followed by 2017 with 221kg of cocoons and least for the year 2015 with 155kg cocoons and the net income and profit to the farmers was reported to be highest in the year 2015 as Rs. 27700 and Rs. 14200 respectively. The survey indicated that the majority of the sericulture farmers belong to the general category constituting 86.6 percent of the total number of farmers followed by schedule caste and schedule tribe both constituting only three percent of the total respondents indicating the need for the popularization of this agro-enterprise among the marginal farmers belonging to various underprivileged communities. Therefore, considering the utmost significance of sericulture in boosting the rural livelihood, an attempt has been carried out to emphasize the role of sericulture among tribal folks hailing in Poonch District, for the revitalization of the bivoltine silk industry in Jammu and Kashmir specifically among marginal farmers.

Keywords: cocoons, sericulture, tribal folks, yield