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EMERGENT LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH - Online First, for coming issue

Pages: 78-89

Date of Publication: 22-Apr-2024

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Genome editing for indigenous poultry conservation: Possibilities for developing Nations

Author: Jhanak Chaveriya, Ajit Pratap Singh, Kush Shrivastava, Tripti Jain, Bikash Ranjan Prusty, Sanjay Shukla, Sita Prasad Tiwari

Category: Review Article


Poultry is one of the major sources of protein for human nutrition. They are domesticated for meat, eggs, and feathers. Rapid centralization, commercialization, and research developments in the poultry sector, have paved the way for the production of economically viable varieties, which provide better and efficient production performance. However, this has threatened the breed and population diversity of Indigenous chicken breeds. Therefore, there is a need for the conservation of the existing breed diversity of Indigenous chickens. Traditional methods for the conservation of poultry genetic resources including phenotypic characterization and controlled-planned mating may not be sufficient to achieve the desired outcomes. As a result, genome editing technologies are necessary for the conservation of poultry genetic resources, especially those with very low population sizes. These technologies may enable the restoration of extinct species and breeds, as well as the repopulation of threatened breeds.

Keywords: conservation, CRISPR, genome editing, indigenous poultry