Date of Publication: 09-Aug-2023
First report of seed weevil, Curculio c-album Fabricius infesting on jamun, Syzygium cuminii (L.) Skeels from Gujarat, India
Author: R. D. Dodiya, B. A. Chachpara, A. H. Barad, H. N. Prajapati
Category: Research Article
In the Indian subcontinent, largely cultivated evergreen tree is Jamun, Syzygium cuminii (L.) Skeels. The seeds of jamun have a wide variety of pharmacological qualities making them much more valuable. Seed weevil (Curculio c-album Fabricius) and Eulophid wasp (Anselmella kerrichi) both are damaging to seeds. C. c-album caused up to 100 % fruit damage in a few varieties of jamun. Fixed plot surveys were carried out at Horticultural Farm, Anand Agricultural University, Anand during, 2022 and 2023 in jamun orchard to find out the damaging pest of jamun seed. Small, black to brownish color adult beetle with entire body bear golden yellow color scale found during the survey and identified as Curculio c-album. First time in Gujarat this pest was observed to damage on fruits of jamun and cause economic losses. Both adult and grub caused damage to jamun. It causes 48.0 and 62.0% fruit damage at ripening stage of jamun during 2022 and 2023, respectively, and makes it unmarketable.
Keywords: black plum, curculio c-album, jamun, seed weevil